Shelter is a basic human necessity, be it a bus stop, family home, school, or regional hospital.
Text referring to economics and shelter has been removed for brevity.
A world-wide network is at this very moment becoming aware of itself as formerly isolated researchers and practitioners of this aspect of shelter innovation share discoveries. The most recent contact was August, 2009, Dr. Sudahakar Puttagunta of the Indian Institute of Technology - New Delhi (IIT-D). Dr. Puttagunta became involved on a path leading to this work during his European travels after graduation from college in India, 1979-80.
Bamboo arch test - Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Bamboo-concrete composite arch with 880kg of nearly distributed load
Dr. Puttagunta's closing remarks in a recent communication with ferrocement.com are quoted here as a method of verification regarding the scope of sheltering technology included here.
"It shall be my pleasure to interact and collaborate with you in search for mass housing while healing the ecological wounds instead of further aggravating the wounds in the name of development, where livelihood issues of the disadvantaged and rural communities also get positively benefited."
This summary sentence opens a large discussion of modern sustainable economics involving Justice, Equity, and the Laws of Physics, all of which require full accounting for all costs. The larger topics are reconciled and subsumed with green building in several ways, further discussion may be found in the economics section of this web site.
New self-sheltering style kitchen built using space-age mud and wattle at Rwandan orphanage
Successful technology transfer to Rwanda by Birambye includes bamboo wrap joints developed at ferrocement.com
ferrocement.com - 2007
and, for sanitation,
Compost toilet ... flycatcher example illustrating architectural design components for permanent installation
sized at three units for two people.
Ferrocement and space-age mud and wattle are both ideal for permanent installations of composting toilets that can replace millions of temporary composting units which need to be distributed as quickly as possible and then collected and redistributed as permanent composting facilities are constructed.